Summary of the english language|Silence |Summary english text online

SUMMARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Summary of the english language,Silence ,Summary english text online

INTRODUCTION:

English is not a language that has always been spoken in the British Isles, nor is it the only language which is spoken there today. It is brought by the foreign invades from time to time .

SUMMARY:

English is an International Language now, and is perhaps the most useful of all languages As the present essay shows, it is not a simple language of England itself, but is the result of a long development of hundreds of years. No wonder, then, it is a compound of many languages in whose development several European and other languages have contributed.
The English language was developed by the combination of: (a) The language of the Angles & Saxons who lived in North Germany and who invaded England. (b) The language of the Northmen of Denmark who attacked England. (c) The language of the French speaking Normans who invaded England in 1066.
The language introduced by the Angles and Saxons is called Old English. It remained the language of England from 450 to 1150. The language that was developed by a combination of old English and the languages of the Northern and the French people is called Middle English. It was spoken in different parts of the country in different dialects ((languages of groups of people living in particular areas).
Standard of Modern English used in books, newspapers, commerce and public affairs comes from a dialect of Middle English. This dialect was spoken in London in the fourteenth Century. It was called the Late London Dialect.
By the end of the fifteenth century English had developed very much in the direction of Modern English. Naturally, the language of London, the central city, became the standard language of the whole country. The count and the king’s government used the London dialect. As London was the largest city and seaport and the centre of commerce.the london dialect was accepted as the language of commerce Further, it was spoken and written by two famous writters of England, that written mostly in the London dialect: Thus, Modern Englisn developed from this dialect, and later went on developing on its own. Shakespear, the famous dramatist, used this en today.
The Anglo saxon language now is a dead language, but many of its words have become part of english. For example, nouns like father, mother, food, bed and most of the English prepositions, conjunctions and strong verbs. Norman French also affected English in three ways: it simplified,
it made pronounciation and spelling more complex and it added greatly to the treasure of English words.

English has a large vocabulary (treasure of words) because it is very old and it has taken words from different languages. For example, the word “admiral” comes from French, Arabic and Latin ! The word “yacht” (light sailing boat) comes from the Dutch language. In Dutch “yacht” at first was a word used for hunting then it was used for fast moving boats. Many English words used in sailing and ships came from the Dutch language.
Television is like many new scientific words which are invented from old Greek & Latin words. Here “tele” is Greek meanings “far” as we have it in “telephone” and “Telegram” while vision is a Latin word which means “to see”. Thus, the English Language in its presents form is the result of combination of words from different languages with words of it’s own.

SUMMARY OF SILENCE

INTRODUCTION:

In this essay the writer Robert Lynd says that Silence is unnatural to human being. He believes that we all love noise in life.

SUMMARY:

The present essay is an interesting disussion of our natural desire to talk, to make noise and to move around. It is rightly said that noise and activity are related to life while silence and stillness, when they are deep and continuous, are very close to death.
Silence is unnatural because every person wants to talk. We often talk without any aim. In a conversation between two persons, each tries to talk more. We need not have a wise silence we are a little afraid of something. Silence or darkness is related to fear while sound is related to life. If night also has sound, it would not be so fearful.
Even during the day, silence can make as fearful. We would like to die in a completely silent world. We connect silence with the grave. On the Armistic Day in England, people remain silent and all the traffic stops for two minutes. When those two minuted end, people become happy. This shows that they generally like noise and activity, and not silence.
We would not be prepared to like longer in a perfectly silent world or even city or town or village. We would like to leave a house where silence is constant and we cannot listen to music, songs, voice or noises. Even animals and birds would be sick of such a situation, and would like to go away into a “noisy” place.

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