The Role Of Students in The Eradication Of Corruption
Corruption is defined as the act of becoming or causing to become dishonest, direputable (notorious), disloyal, disobedient and disrespectful Corruption therefore means any action done evil mindely which may be physical, financial, moral, cultural or social etc.
Firstly, physical corruption arises above all from sexual perversion (deviation ), etc. Moral corruption emanates (originates or springs from)the disrespect neglect)of values and of disrespect virtues. Cultural corruption of one individual gradually turns into the corruption of one society. Let us take the example of our own Pakistani society and start from its political party, Muslim League, who created Pakistan. What is its role after the creation of Pakistan? Its members mostly became incorrigibly (irremediably) corrupted. They played the abdominable (heinous) role of conspirators (intriguers ). They openly sponsored (spread) every type of corruption. They did not make the constitution came in force, there would be immediately held general election and the votes would not elect them on account of their deep-rooted corruption.
Secondly, the credit of majority votes would go to the Bengalis of East Pakistan, our former province lying disconnected with us geographically by a land distance of 1000 miles and a sea distance of 4000 miles. as they could never gain majority vote, so they could never become the ruling party. On charges of corruption, their ministries changed hands many times. They did not let the first constituion be promulgated (announced for enforcement) till 1956, that is up to full nine years after the creation of Pakistan. They did not let it be enforced and even got it abrogated (cancelled) after two years in 1958. This was another political corruption of our ruling classes as a whole. On the plea (argument ) of stopping corruption, martial law has been imposed 5 times (1953, 1958, 1971, 1977, 1998). Three prime ministers Junejo, Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto have been shamefully dismissed on charges of corruption.
Finally if we talk of economic corruption in our society, we do not find any name of any big landlord of capitalist who has re paid his bank loan. Almost 90% of our national and provincial assembly members have since 1947 been economically, morally, financially and socially most corrupt. Most of them are in fact patrons of smugglers, sponsors of black marketers, defaulters of bank companies, holder of black money etc. If the child is said to be the father of man, then the student can be said to be the leader or the builder of the nation. As so far none could eradicate corruption in Pakistan since 1947. So naturally our last hope rests on the role of our students in the eradication of corruption from our homeland. Let us hope for the best.
THE COLLAPSE OF OUR ECONOMY, ITS CAUSES AND CURES
Pakistan does not belong to the First World of rich industrialized and materially developed countries like U.S.A, U.K, France. Japan. It does not belong to the second world comparing (consists of ) those countries who are neither rich nor poor like China, Korea, Iran, Egypt. Turkey, Iraq. Unfortunately Pakistan belongs to the Third World consisting of the materially and economically underdeveloped countries like India, Kenya, Bangla Desh, Ethiopia. This means that! Pakistan is under the grip of many formidable (dangerous) economic problems.
The first indicator of the economic collapse of our economy is poverty. Pakistan’s national income is so low that is per capita income is indeed hardly Rs. 1000/- per mensem (montly which is on its part the 1/30th part of the per capita income of U.S.A an 1/5th of that of U.K. Speaking on average terms every Pakistani is ill-fed, ill-clothed, ill-treated and ill-educated. In simple words, the poverty-stricken Pakistan is tightly clutched (caught) by the monster (giant) of the vicious circle of poverty.
The second indicator of the economic collapse of our economy is Pakistan’s agricultural, backwardness although its agriculture absorbs (accomodates ) not less than 70% of its population, in its rural areas. Our tillers (farmers) are not economically prosperous (affluent ) although agriculture earns almost 50% of our foreign exchange and absorbs about 50% of our labour force. The average yield per acre of any crop in Pakistan is usually 1/5th of that in agricultural countries like Russia, France or U.S.A. The average land holding (possession) hardly comes up to the minimum Isubsistence (livelihood) level. Every year we have to import food and waste a lot of our foreign exchange on it. Such a dismal (ugly ) picture of our agriculture is one of our serious economic problems.
The third indicator of the economic collapse of our economy is the outstanding di (difference) between the rich and the poor. It has been increasing constantly ever since be inception (birth) or Pakistan in 1947 because the rich have been becoming richer while the,poor have been growing poorer. The reason is not far to seek (find). Usually what happens is that millions of rupees are borrowed by a rich landlord or a capitalist from a government agency or commercial bank which he next day gets waived (written off ). On the contrary, a poor farmer or a small shopkeeper cannot obtain even a small loan or Rs. 10,000/- if he gets it then 10,000 threatening reminders like policeman are sent to him to repay the loan. In case of living in the subsistence level economy while the 200 aristocratic (rich) families owning (possessing) almost 80% of our national wealth are living in the rich market economy. The permanence (constancy) of this dualistic economy is another economic problem of Pakistan.
The fourth indictor of the economic collapse of our economy is our population overgowth at 3% per annum, has been a burden on the available natural and material resources of Pakistan who is already suffering from their under-utilization. Morover, almost 1/3rd of our population is unemployed while 50% of our working manpower is semi-employed or under-employed.